CRediT (Contribution Roles Taxonomy)

Journals mandating CRediT must include a dedicated Author Contributions' section within the article, to provide information about individual contributions to the work. For this section, {journal name} has mandated CRediT, which allows for a standardized description of each author’s individual contributions to the work. This description will be required for all authors during submission process and the submitting author is responsible for providing the contributions of all authors at submission. It is expected that all authors will have reviewed, discussed and agreed to their individual contributions prior to submission.

The contribution statement will be published with the final article and should accurately reflect contributions to the work.

CRediT Classification:

  • Conceptualization
  • Ideas; formulation or evolution of overarching research goals and aims.

  • Data Curation
  • Management activities to annotate (produce metadata), scrub data and maintain research data (including software code, where it is necessary for interpreting the data itself) for initial use and later reuse.

  • Formal Analysis
  • Application of statistical, mathematical, computational, or other formal techniques to analyze or synthesize study data.

  • Funding Acquisition
  • Acquisition of the financial support for the project leading to this publication.

  • Investigation
  • Conducting a research and investigation process, specifically performing the experiments, or data/evidence collection.

  • Methodology
  • Development or design of methodology; creation of models.

  • Project Administration
  • Management and coordination responsibility for the research activity planning and execution.

  • Resources
  • Provision of study materials, reagents, materials, patients, laboratory samples, animals, instrumentation, computing resources, or other analysis tools.

  • Software
  • Programming, software development; designing computer programs; implementation of the computer code and supporting algorithms; testing of existing code components.

  • Supervision
  • Oversight and leadership responsibility for the research activity planning and execution, including mentorship external to the core team.

  • Validation
  • Verification, whether as a part of the activity or separate, of the overall replication/reproducibility of results/experiments and other research outputs.

  • Visualization
  • Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically visualization/data presentation.

  • Writing – Original Draft Preparation
  • Creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically writing the initial draft (including substantive translation).

  • Writing – Review & Editing
  • Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work by those from the original research group, specifically critical review, commentary or revision – including pre- or post-publication stages.

    The list of contributions needs to follow the following format:

    Contributor role: List of all authors under that role.


    Conceptualization:John Smith, Claire Jones

    Formal Analysis:John Smith

    Funding Acquisition:Ana White, Claire Jones

    Writing - review and editing:Ana White, John Smith, Claire Jones

    Writing - original draft:John Smith

    For more information, please see the taxonomy website.