Ethics Guidelines  >  Copyright and Intellectual Property

Wiley's Best Practice Guidelines on Publishing Ethics
Copyright and Intellectual Property


Wiley has published separate guidance about copyright.


It is a legal requirement for an author to sign a copyright agreement of some kind before publication. Some journals ask authors to transfer their copyright to the journal. Others accept an Exclusive License from authors. Wiley authors wishing to make their article open access must sign an Open Access Agreement.


Protecting intellectual property

Publishers are legally required to have explicit authority from an author to publish any article. The societies Wiley partners with decide which copyright arrangement they require from the range of options we provide, a brief and abridged description of which is provided below.


Copyright Transfer Agreement (CTA). Under this form of agreement, the author retains broad re-use rights in their article, but transfers copyright to the journal, society, or publisher. Signing a CTA ensures maximum protection against copyright infringement with the publisher acting on behalf of the author.


Exclusive License Agreement (ELA). This form of copyright agreement is similar to the CTA but allows authors to retain copyright in their article. Wiley or the journal owner retains the commercial publishing and journal compilation rights.


OnlineOpen and Open Access Agreements

Wiley requires authors wishing to make their article open access to sign an Open Access Agreement providing for the article to be made available under one of the Creative Commons Licenses in order to meet the terms of open access publication and ensure the widest possible dissemination. The Creative Commons website explains how these licenses work. At the time of writing these guidelines, Wiley uses three Creative Commons Licenses: CC-BY, CC-BY-NC, and CC-BY-NC-ND.


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